Common causes and symptoms of VSC’s

Everyday most horses are exposed to situations which can cause damage to their spine. The following examples could cause VSC’s in horses and many other animals:

Horses with VSC’s may present with many symptoms, the most common of which is pain. Horses with pain in their back often express this in their posture or in their refusal to work. The horse attempts to compensate for the pain by changing its posture and way of going, but this can result in other problems such as joint changes. The following symptoms may indicate pain caused by a subluxation:

Subluxations in the spine can affect muscle co-ordination and mobility of the horse, thereby causing decreased performance, such as;

A major effect of a VSC can be impairment to the flow of information in the nerves which exit the spinal cord between the vertebrae. As these nerves innervate the skin, certain glands and blood vessels, such neurological disturbances can lead to the following symptoms: